Are you tired of Windows unreliability and slowness? Do not agree with Apple’s philosophy and its prices? Switching to Linux might be the solution you were looking for. In this article we will see about what Linux is, distros, the main advantages and disadvantages and how to quickly switch to Linux without encountering difficulties.
What is Linux?
Linux is one of the most popular computer operating systems and a great alternative to Windows and MacOS. Linux is a open source software: the legal formula with which it is provided, the open-source_license, allows analysis, copying and modification of the operating system.
What is a Linux distro ?
When we refer to Linux in reality we are not identifying a single operating system, but a vast operating system family. Every Linux-based operating system is called a distribution, in jargon distro.
Why switch to Linux?
You might think that being free software, Linux distributions are less complete and less professional than paid software. It is not so. In paid software the number of developers is limited and paid with medium-high salaries. The software houses are thus led to develop each of their products as quickly as possible. Limited number of developers and little time often result in less control over errors and code optimization. Linux distros, on the other hand, opensource and generally not based on the logic of profit, enjoy an unlimited developer community, which introduces continuous improvements correcting errors encountered during use. Anyone, as part of the Linux community, can contribute to its improvement!
What are the main Linux advantages?
- it is free even for commercial and corporate purposes,
- it is open: anyone who wants to contribute to Linux development can do it
- it is optimized, which makes it powerful and fast: switching on your pc, as well as program execution will be much faster compared to running them using Windows on the same computer,
- it is sustainable: direct consequence of being a powerful and fast system, switching to Linux allows you to use very old machines, which otherwise would constitute non-recoverable and polluting waste,
- it is totally customizable , both in graphic, in installed programs and in code,
- it is stable: Windows users, unlike Linux users, are familiar with slowdowns and crashes of their operating system,
- it is safe: network viruses are generally programmed to infect Windows operating systems,
- it updates automatically and in a very simple way without new installations,
- most of the new and popular Linux distributions are, unlike those of the past, easy to use, attractive, pleasant and installable with a few clicks,
- If you need to use programs for windows you can install Wine, a software that allows you to emulate on Linux many of the programs originally only on Windows,
- it allows zero costs of software, licenses and updates.
- it provides complete control. But in addition to being an advantage, this is also a disadvantage. “With great power comes great responsibility”, keep it in mind when you use Linux!
What about the disadvantages?
- due to the huge number of distros, first-time Linux users may find it difficult to choose a stable distribution that suits their needs.
- software incompatibilities are common: among the main problems encountered in switching to Linux are incompatibilities with software for Windows and with other software that does not have a corresponding version for Linux (most commercial software and especially video games). Many incompatibilities also occur between different Linux distributions: software made for a Linux distro may not run on different distros, and even on different versions of the same distro.
- hardware incompatibilities , on the other hand, tend to disappear. In the past, most hardware manufacturers released their product drivers only for Windows operating systems (serius were incompatibilities with graphics cards that made systems unusable). Fortunately, almost all recent hardware is also compatible with Linux.
- installation and configuration of programs on Linux requires different operations than those performed on Windows. But, if it is true that in a first moment you have to learn the installation procedure, once you learn it there will be no difference than using other operating systems. Moreover almost all popular distros have now introduced software managers that allow you to search for the software you are looking for and install it with a click, as for smartphone apps.
How to install Linux?
You can install Linux in several ways.
Previous operating system overwriting
If your computer has a pre-existing operating system (Windows or MacOS) Linux can be installed in place of the previous operating system.
Installation alongside the previous operating system
Alternatively, Linux can be installed alongside the previous operating system. In this case you will have a dual boot system: every time you will start your machine (if you don’t set a preference), the computer will ask which operating system you want to use.
Virtual Machine installation
If you are not sure to install Linux on your device, but you want use it, or if you want to try other distros you can install Linux on a Virtual Machine . A virtual machine is a software that emulates a computer. Once the Virtual Machine is closed, only the original operating system will remain installed on the computer. This solution is not recommended, especially if you do not have a very recent and powerful computer, as all resources, such as RAM and processor are shared between the real and virtual machine: this old computer causes the system to crash .
If you think Linux is for you you can download Ubuntu one of the most popular and used distributions directly from this link:
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